Both are presently inhabited and used for other purposes.
Living Death Camps names a collaborative project that seeks to investigate the complex material and political issues currently unfolding around these two sites, and to understand the politics of commemoration in which each of them is embroiled.
In 2002, shortly before a planned referendum on independence, Montenegrin leader negotiated an agreement (under the auspices of the EU) with Serb and Yugoslav authorities that called for greater autonomy for Montenegro in a continued loose federation with Serbia named Serbia and Montenegro.
Most governmental powers under the new constitution, ratified in 2003, were reserved to the two republics, though foreign policy, defense, and individual rights fell under federal statutes.
The Ustase unleashed a reign of terror in which hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews and gypsies were killed. Tudjman (pronounced TOODGE-mahn) and other advocates of Croatian independence have had to deal with memories of the Ustase's atrocities, as Yugoslavia's Communist Government, ever alert to resurgent nationalism in the country's six republics, sought to portray all Croatian nationalists as the political descendants of the wartime fascists.
ZAGREB, Yugoslavia— Franjo Tudjman, who in the last decade had been imprisoned and was once barred from public life for five years for denouncing Yugoslavia's Communist Government, laughed heartily as he watched television to learn that he was way ahead in his electoral bid to form a government in the republic of Croatia.
After seeing a pair of terrestrial and celestial globes at Dartmouth College, he decided to make his own.
He set about learning geography from an encyclopedia he purchased for the purpose and learned engraving from an experienced engraver of maps.
However, that new constitution lasted little more than a decade.
In the late 1990s there was widespread support in Montenegro for independence, though the EU and the United States voiced disapproval.